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Hay fever: the facts

Tuesday, November 24, 2015

Around one in seven Australians suffer from hay fever, or allergic rhinitis1.

Despite its name, it is not caused by hay nor does it produce a fever! It is caused by allergens, such as pollen, dust, mould and animal hair. Symptoms include an itchy nose and eyes and sinus congestion.

In Melbourne, our daily pollen count is measured by the Burkard volumetric air sampler at University of Melbourne. For the past 20 years, the machine has recorded Melbourne’s pollen count and it shows that the pollen season begins in October and peaks in the last week of November.

This reflects the findings of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, which has identified that antihistamine medicine sells the most around October and November.

Antihistamine tablet and sprays, natural sprays and decongestant tablets can be used to treat hay fever symptoms.

The Australian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA) also recommends minimising exposure to allergens and a new treatment option of allergen immunotherapy. Also known as desensitisation, the process involves administering gradually increasing amounts of allergen extracts. However, this treatment is generally for those over five years of age.

So what can be done to help hay fever, or more accurately allergic rhinitis, sufferers at your childcare centre?

According to the Royal Children’s Hospital, the best treatment is to identify what is causing a child’s allergic reaction and then try to avoid, or at least minimise, contact.

Check the daily pollen count and try to limit time spent out doors during peak periods. You can also speak with the child’s parents about their doctor’s recommendations for possible medical treatments.

ASCIA’s research also suggests that proper treatment of hay fever can prevent the development of further health issues, such as asthma. So, it’s beneficial for everyone to get ahead of the problem early.


1http://www.allergy.org.au/patients/allergic-rhinitis-hay-fever-and-sinusitis/allergic-rhinitis-or-hay-fever#sthash.sZVshiYU.dpuf

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